Claus Holzapfel's Publications 

On Plant Ecology and General Ecology

Fuentes-Ramirez, A., Veldman, J.W., Holzapfel, C., Moloney K.A. (in press, 2016). Spreaders, igniters and burning

   shrubs: plant flammability explains novel fire dynamics in grass-invaded deserts. J. Appl. Ecol.


Holzapfel C. & Moloney K.A. (2015). Understanding why and how non-native plants promote desert fires.

Natural Selections Summer 2015, 1/3.


Fuentes-Ramirez A., Schafer, J.L., Mudrak E., Schat M., Parag H.A. , Holzapfel C., Moloney K. (2015). Spatio-

temporal impacts of fire on soil nutrient availability in Larrea tridentata shrublands of the Mojave Desert, USA. Geoderma 259-260: 126-133.


Fuentes-Ramirez A., Mudrak E., Caragea P., Holzapfel C. & Moloney K. (2015).  Assessing the impact of fire on the spatial distribution of Larrea tridentata in the Sonoran Desert, USA. Oecologia. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-014-3214-1


Tielbörger K. Bilton M.C., Metz J. , Kigel J., Holzapfel C., Lebrija-Trejos E.,  Konsens I., Parag H., Sternberg M. (2014).  Middle-Eastern plant communities tolerate nine years of drought in a multi-site climate manipulation experiment.  Nature Communications, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6102 .


Mudrak, E. L., Schafer, J.L., Fuentes-Ramirez, A., Holzapfel, C., Moloney, K. A. (2014). Predictive modeling of spatial patterns of soil nutrients related to fertility islands. Landscape Ecology 29: 491-505.


June-Wells, M.R., Gallagher, F.J., Holzapfel, C. (2014).  Evaluating population border dynamics among  Artemisia vulgaris and community constituents in an urban successional plant assemblage. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 141: 14-28.


Zhang, Y., Holzapfel, C., Yuan, X. (2013). Scale dependent ecosystem service. In: Wratten, S.  Sandhu, H.   Cullen, R.  and  Costanza R. (Eds.), Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes. p.107-121. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford.


Schafer, J.L., Mudrak, E.L., Haines, C.E., Parag, H.A.,  Moloney, K.A., Holzapfel, C. (2012) The association of native and non-native annual plants with Larrea tridentata (creosote bush) in the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts.  Journal of Arid Environments 87: 129-135.


Duchak, T. , Holzapfel, C. (2012). The relative abundance of native and non-native emydid turtles across an urban to rural gradient in central New Jersey. Bulletin, New Jersey Academy of Sciences 56: 23-28.


Yu, C., Zhang, Y. Holzapfel, C., Zheng. R. Zhang, X, Wang, J. (2012): Ecological  Ecological and environmental issues faced by a developing Tibet. Environmental Science and Technology 46:1979-1980.


Harel, D., Holzapfel, C., Sternberg, M. (2011, in press) Relationships between seed mass and dormancy along an aridity gradient – from communities to populations.  Basic and Applied Ecology pdf


Sternberg M., Holzapfel C., Tielbörger K. Sarah P., Kigel J., Lavee H., Fleischer A., Jeltsch F.& Köchy, M. (2011). The use and misuse of climatic gradients for evaluating climate impact on dryland ecosystems - an example for the solution of conceptual problems. In: J. Blanco & H. Kheradmand (Eds.), Climate Change - Geophysical Foundations and Ecological Effects, pp. 361-374.   InTec Publisher. pdf


Gallagher, F.J., Pechman, I, Holzapfel C.,  Grabosky, J. (2011)  Altered vegetative   

             assemblage trajectories within an urban brownfield. Environmental Pollution 159:1159-66. pdf


Holzapfel, C. Shahrokh P., Kafkewitz D. (2010). Polyphenol oxidase activity in the roots of Seedlings of Bromus and other grass genera. American Journal of Botany 97: 1-5. pdf


Hofer C., Gallagher F.J., Holzapfel C. (2010). Metal accumulation and performance of nestlings of passerine bird species at an urban brownfield site. Environmental Pollution 158: 1207–1213.pdf


Holzapfel C., Parag, H.A., Shmida, A. (2009). Resilience of Mediterranean and desert vegetation after disturbance. Forstarchiv 90: 297-304. pdf


Moloney K.A., Holzapfel C., Tielbörger K., Jeltsch, F, Schurr F. (2009) Rethinking the common garden in invasion research. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 11: 311-320. pdf 


Cincotta, C., Adams J.M., Holzapfel C. (2009): Testing the enemy release hypothesis: A comparison of foliar insect herbivory of the exotic Norway maple (Acer platanoides L.) and the native sugar maple (A. saccharum L.). Biological Invasions Biological Invasions 11:2, 379-388. pdf


Holzapfel C. (2008) Deserts. In S.E. Jørgensen & B.D. Fath (eds.), Vol.2 of Encyclopedia of Ecology, pp. 879-898. Oxford: Elsevier. pdf


Sapir Y., Mazer S.J. & Holzapfel C. (2008) Sex Ratio. In S.E. Jørgensen & B.D. Fath (Eds.),. Vol. 4 of Encyclopedia of Ecology, pp. 3243-3248. Oxford: Elsevier. pdf


Holzapfel C., Tielbörger K., Parag H.A., Kigel J., and Sternberg M.. 2006. Annual plant-shrub interactions along an aridity gradient in Israel. Basic and Applied Ecology 7: 268-279. pdf


Schenk H.J., Holzapfel C., Hamilton J.G. & Mahall B.E. 2003.  Spatial ecology of a small desert shrub on adjacent geological substrates. Journal of Ecology 91: 383-395. pdf 


Alpert, P., Holzapfel C. & Slominski C. (2003).  Differences in performance between genotypes with different degrees of resource sharing in Fragaria chiloensis. Journal of Ecology 91: 27-35. pdf


Holzapfel C. & Alpert P. (2003).  Root cooperation between plants of the same clone. Oecologia 134: 72-77. pdf


Kolb A., Alpert, P. Enters D. & Holzapfel C. (2002).  Patterns of invasion within a grassland community. Journal of Ecology 90: 871-881. pdf


Alpert P., Holzapfel C. & Benson J.M. (2002).  Hormonal modification of resource sharing in the clonal plant Fragaria chiloensis. Functional Ecology 16: 191-197. pdf


Alpert P., Bone E. & Holzapfel C. (2000):  Invasiveness and invasibility: the possible role of environmental stress in preventing biological invasions by plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 3: 52-66. pdf


Hamilton J.G., Holzapfel C. & Mahall B.E. (1999):  Coexistence and interference between a native perennial grass and non-native annual grasses in California. Oecologia 121: 518-526. pdf


Holzapfel C. & Mahall B.E. (1999):  Bidirectional facilitation and interference between shrubs and annuals in the Mojave Desert. Ecology 80: 1747-1761. pdf


Schmidt W., Weitemeier M. & Holzapfel C. (1996):  Vegetation dynamics in canopy gaps of a beech forest on limestone - the influence of the light gradient on species richness. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft für Ökologie 25: 253-260.


Holzapfel C., Schmidt W. & Shmida A. (1995):  The influence of site conditions on plant species richness, plant production and population dynamics - comparison of two desert types. Advances in GeoEcology 28: 145-156. pdf


Holzapfel C. (1994):  Human-impact on community and population dynamics of Mediterranean and desert vegetation types in Israel: the effects of climate type and interannual rainfall variation. Noticero de la Sociedad de Biologia de Chile 2 (3): 29.


Holzapfel C. (1994):  The influence of human-caused disturbances on the vegetation along an ecological Mediterranean-desert gradient (in German). Cuvillier, Göttingen, 326 pp.


Holzapfel C., Schmidt W. & Shmida A. (1993):  The role of seed bank and seed rain in the recolonization of disturbed sites along an aridity gradient. Phytocoenologia 23: 561-580. pdf


Holzapfel C., Schmidt W. & Shmida A. (1992):  Effects of human-caused disturbances on the flora along a Mediterranean-desert gradient. Flora 186: 261-270. pdf


Holzapfel C. & Schmidt W. (1991):  Vegetation and population dynamics of artificial disturbances in different vegetation types along a Mediterranean-desert gradient: short term responses. In: Ravera O. (ed.), Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems: Perturbation and Recovery. Ellis Harwood, Chichester: p. 372-376. pdf


Holzapfel C. & Schmidt W. (1990):  Roadside vegetation along transects in the Judean Desert. Israel Journal of Botany 39: 263-270. pdf


Boye P., Holzapfel C. & Wittenberg J. (1986):  Biogeographical aspects of a mountain range in southern Jordan (in German). Natur und Museum 116: 385-402.




On Bird Biology


Holzapfel C., Kark S., Hatzofe O., and Levin N. 2006: The invasion of the Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis L.) in Israel and the Middle East. Sandgrouse 28:44-51. pdf


Holzapfel C. (1996): several species monographs in Garthe, S. (ed.): The birds of the Hamburg area (in German). Vol. 3 (species accounts Charadriformes until Piciformes). Karl Wachholtz, Neumuenster, 532 pp.


Hueppop O., Walther K., Holzapfel C., Vidal S. & Wilkens H. (1988): Isolated populations of the Black Grouse (Tetrao tetrix) in the nature reserve "Lüneburger Heide": Behavior, vulnerability, and conservation (in German). Verhandlungen Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein Hamburg (NF) 30: 319-343.


Holzapfel C., Hüppop O. & Mulsow R. (eds.) (1984): The birds of the Hamburg area (in German). Volume 1 (natural history and bird communities) and 2 (species accounts Gaviiformes until Gruiformes). Karl Wacholtz, Neumuenster, 304 + 259 pp.


Holzapfel C., Spitzenberger H.J. & Vidal S. (1982): Atlas of endangered breeding birds of Hamburg (in German). Federal Authority of Nature Conservation, Hamburg, 210 pp.


Holzapfel C. (1981): Summering of Horned Grebes (Podiceps auritus) in Northern Germany (in German). Hamburger Avifaunistische Beitraege 18: 249-252.


Holzapfel C. (1981): Nesting communities of endangered birds in the area of 'Alte Süderelbe' in Hamburg (in German). Hamburger Avifaunistische Beitraege 18: 87-104.


Holzapfel C., Schulz M., Schumacher H.-U. & Geissler H.H. (1981): Ornithological report for the Hamburg area 1978-1980 (in German). Hamburger Avifaunistische Beitraege 18: 15-85.


Haelterlein B., Helm G. & Holzapfel C. (1980): Inventory of rare and endangered birds of Hamburg (in German). Federal Authority for Nature Conservation Hamburg, 24 pp.


Holzapfel C. & Schumacher H.U. (1979): Ornithological report for the Hamburg area in 1977 (in German). Hamburger Avifaunistische Beitraege 16: 71-115.


Holzapfel C. (1979): Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris) in Central Europe (in German). Hamburger Avifaunistische Beitraege 16: 169-171.




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